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Recommended

Lodging:

Beaver Valley Inn

Lew Beach, New York

Ph. 845-439-4844

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The 1880 House

Bed & Breakfast

Pulaski, New York

Ph. 315-298-6088

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Kettle Creek Lodge

Cross Fork, PA

Ph. 315-298-6088

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Guides:

Ray's Guide Service

Guide: Ray Ellis

Fishing the Salmon River

Salmon & Trout

Pulaski, New York

Ph. 315-298-7575

Email: Wogiewus@aol.com

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Other:

The Wulff School of Fly Fishing

P.O. Box 984, Livingston Manor, New York

Ph. 845-439-5020

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Aquatic Insects:

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USE - The intend use of the aquatic macroinvertebrate table below is to provide the angler an idea of the most prolific insect fauna in each stream.  While insect populations change seasonally, an angler fishing a fly that mimics a prolific insect "" should increase his or her chances of catching fish.  An example of the use of this table is as follows; an angler decides to fish Clarks Creek (PA), a quick scan of the table reveals the following prolific insects:

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Epeorus pleuralis

Ephemerellidae ephemerella

Hydropsychidae hydropsyche

Philopotamidae dolphilodes

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Therefore, the angler should come prepared with the following flies in nymph, larval and adult form: Quill Gordon, Hendrickson, Olive and Tan caddis.  The table below is provided as an aid to the fly fisherman.  As this strategy carries no guarantee, a variety of flies should be brought when fishing the streams below.

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Download print friendly PDF version (131 KB)

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KEY TO AQUATIC INSECTS

Mayflies = Yellow

Caddis = Green

Stoneflies = Orange

Other = Grey

 1 = Clarks Creek, Dauphin County, PA

 2 = Spring Creek, Centre County, PA

 3 = Swatara Creek, Dauphin County, PA

 1 mm = scale most readily visible in the pictures below

  = no photo due to small size or poor specimen quality

  = prolific in comparison to other specimens ( > 10 collected )

AQUATIC INSECTS TABLE
Aquatic Macroinvertebrate Scientific Name Common Name

Quill Gordon

6 - 15 mm

Epeorus pleuralis, 1

Quill Gordon

3 mm

Heptagenidae leucrocuta, 2

Pale Evening Dun

Light Cahill

3 - 9 mm

Heptagenidae stenacron, 1, 2

 

Light Cahill or Pale Evening Dun

Pale Evening Dun

4 - 10 mm

Ephemerellidae ephemerella, 1, 2

Hendrickson or Pale Evening Dun

8 - 12 mm

Ephemeroptera stenonema, 1, 2

Cream Cahill

Blue Wing Olive

2 - 6 mm

Baetidae baetis, 1, 2

Blue-winged Olive

4 mm

Baetidae acentrella, 2

Blue-winged Olive

Isonychia

14 mm

Isonychia sp., 3

Bicolor, White-Gloved howdy or Isonychia

4 - 7 mm

Leptophlebildae Sp., 1, 2

Slate-winged Mahogany Dun

5 mm

Limnephilidae goerita, 2

Cased Caddis or Cased Sedge

Olive Caddis

6 - 16 mm

Hydropsychidae hydropsyche, 1, 2

Hydropsyche Caddis, Tan or Olive Caddis or Spotted Sedge

Green Caddis

3 - 13 mm

Rhyacophilidae rhyacophila, 2

Rhycophila Caddis, Olive or Green Caddis, green Sedge or Green Rock Worm

Little Caddis

4 - 13 mm

Philopotamidae dolophilodes, 1, 2

Little Caddis or Little Sedge

3 mm

Brachycentridae micasema, 2

Grannon

1 mm

Hydroptilidae hydroptila, 2

Vari-colored micro caddis

Black Stonefly

19 mm

Pteronarcys sp., 1

Giant Black Stonefly

Golden Stonefly

11 - 30 mm (body length)

Acroneuria sp., 1

Giant Golden Stonefly

8 mm

Perudae acroneuria, 2

Brown Willow Fly or Golden Stonefly

4 mm

Perlodidae isoperla, 2

Yellow Sally

4 mm

Leuctridae leuctra, 2

Needle Fly or Little Brown Stonefly

4 mm

Simulium tuberosum, 1

Black Gnat

4 mm

Simulium Vittatum, 2

Black Gnat

Midge

3 - 9 mm

Chronomidae sp., 1, 2

Chronomide or Midge

Cranefly

3 - 6 mm

Tipulidae antocha sp., 2

Cranefly

Hellgrammite

32 mm

Corydalus sp., 3

Hellgrammite or Dobson Fly

2 - 4 mm

Asellidae caecidotea, 2

Cress bug

Cress bug

4 - 12 mm

Asellidae lirceus, 2

Cress bug

4 mm

Elmidae gonielmis, 1

Riffle beetle

2 mm

Elmidae macronychus, 1

Riffle beetle

Riffle beetle

4 - 7 mm

Elmidae optioservus, 1, 2

Riffle beetle

3 mm

Elmidae stenelmis, 2

Riffle beetle

1 mm

Hydracarina sp., 2

Water mite

Flat worm

10 mm

Planaria sp., 1

Flat worm

Earthworm

2 - 20 mm

Oligochaeta sp., 1, 2

Aquatic earthworm

Crayfish

15 - 28 mm

Astacidae cambarus, 1

Crayfish

2 mm

Conchostraca sp., 2

Clam shrimp

2 mm

Mollusca sp., 1

Freshwater mussel

 

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