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Recommended

Lodging:

Beaver Valley Inn

Lew Beach, New York

Ph. 845-439-4844

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The 1880 House

Bed & Breakfast

Pulaski, New York

Ph. 315-298-6088

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Kettle Creek Lodge

Cross Fork, PA

Ph. 315-298-6088

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Guides:

Ray's Guide Service

Guide: Ray Ellis

Fishing the Salmon River

Salmon & Trout

Pulaski, New York

Ph. 315-298-7575

Email: Wogiewus@aol.com

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Other:

The Wulff School of Fly Fishing

P.O. Box 984, Livingston Manor, New York

Ph. 845-439-5020

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Freshwater flies (Trout, Bass & Panfish):

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The flies highlighted below in blue will catch an array of fish, however they are predominately used to catch smallmouth bass and panfish.  Recommended trout flies are listed further down this page.  Pay close attention to the Go2fly mark.

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Clouser Minnow - Artwork by Brian Dougherty

Flies designated as "Go2Fly" are flies that consistently perform and as such are part of the Go2Fly (G2F) Series.  These are flies worthy of a permanent fly box location.

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I routinely fish two flies with success.  For bass, I fish a large popper or heavily hackled deer hair fly as the top fly and incorporate either a Paddler, Hellgramaniac or caddis larva as the bottom fly.  For trout, the popper is replaced by a Stimulator or floating caddis and the Paddler or Hellgramaniac by a caddis larva.  Occasionally, I'll fish two caddis larvae in tandem.

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DOUBLE DROP RIG - The dropper I fish consists of attaching the bottom fly to the top fly via an improved clinch knot to the bend of the hook of the top fly.  The tippet length between flies is adjusted to facilitate a snag-free drift.  This straight line approach reduces the likelihood of tangles while doubling your odds of catching fish.  Tangles are further reduced if casting is kept to a minimum.  I predominately use a braided leader in conjunction with fluorocarbon tippet for most freshwater fishing.  Specific leader construction is described here.  IGFA rules on dropper rigs - "Only a single fly is allowed.  Dropper flies are prohibited."

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Fresh water fly selection

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MORE RECOMMENDED FLIES - A majority of my freshwater fly fishing occurs in the streams and rivers of eastern Pennsylvania.  I've found the following flies below to be very productive.

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- Fly histories provided by Dick Surette's Trout and Salmon Fly Index, reprinted with permission by Stackpole Books.

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Recommended bass poppers:

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Gaines Bass King     Click to enlarge

Gaines Bass King - size 4, black, yellow and yellow/green.  A good choice to use as the top fly in a double drop rig.  This fly floats high and provides plenty of splash.  I've used it to catch smallmouth bass from the Conodoguinet Creek to the Susquehanna to the Delaware River.

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Recommended trout dry flies:

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Black Beetle     Click to enlarge

Black Beetle Go2Fly - size 16, tied Crowe-style using black deer hair, fat bodies work best!  This is an extremely productive terrestrial and can be slapped on the water to elicit strikes.  The slapping imitates a beetle falling from the over-hanging brush.  I along with Mary Dette (an original Catskill style fly tyer) prefer deer hair to foam.  Additionally, I've also noticed less fish caught using strike indicator dots.  Again, either tie or buy beetles with fat abdomens.

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Gray Fox     Click to enlarge

Gray Fox - size 16, traditional tie.  A versatile pattern with coloring that matches many hatches.  Preston Jennings first originated this fly.  "In the 1920's Mr. Jennings worked out this pattern and for the lack of any formal name he called it the Gray Fox.  It is actually the Stenonema fuscum which hatches along with the Stenonema vicarium or March Brown but is smaller.  This fly like the March Brown has wings that slant backward in an unusual manner."

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Tan Wulff Go2Fly - size 16, excellent producer.  This is a fly that floats well and can be used either by itself or as a top fly on a double drop rig.  As a high floater, consider using in riffle water towards evening when changing flies becomes challenging.  "In 1929 Lee Wulff worked out the dry flies that are named after him.  One of America's veteran anglers, he traveled far and wide in the pursuit of trout and salmon.  This fly should be tied full and bulky, so to present a tasty morsel to the fish.  A good floating fly especially for the fast rock strewn rivers on the salmon rivers of the north country.  This is a durable and dependable fly that has been a proven fish producer for many years."

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Light Cahill     Click to enlarge

Light Cahill - size 16, traditional tie.  An excellent summertime fly.  "A fishing railroad man, Dan Cahill of Port Jervis, N.Y. first originated this fly.  Later the light-colored fly was tied by Theodore Gordon and then adapted to today's pattern by William Chandler on the Neversink in upstate N.Y..  Dan Cahill first evolved this pattern in 1880's.  The present day pattern is very light in coloration as compared to earlier versions." 

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Comparadun     Click to enlarge

Tan or Cream Comparadun - size 16 and 18, tied with a Z-lon or similar sparkle tail.  The sparkle tail gives the appearance that the fly has hatched and is attempting to free itself from its trailing husk.  Flies in this state are vulnerable and make an easy meal.

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Elk Hair Caddis     Click to enlarge

Tan, Brown or Olive Elk Wing Caddis - size 16 and 18.  This is an effective caddis pattern that floats well.  It can be used by itself or as the top fly on a double drop rig.  I've found CDC tied bodies to be more productive.

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Stimulator     Click to enlarge

Stimulator - size 14 and 16, olive, yellow or orange, color is less critical.  This fly is effective because of its silhouette and high floating nature.  Again another dropper potential.

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Midge     Click to enlarge

Midges - size 20-26, cream, olive, reddish brown and dun, all four colors recommended.  Small cream midges are an excellent summertime choice for fishing either the Little Lehigh or Spring Creek in State College, Pennsylvania.  Small reddish brown midges are sometimes hot on Clark's Creek in the summertime as well.

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Recommended trout subsurface flies:

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Oliver Edward's Hydropsyche Larva     Click to enlarge

Oliver Edward's Hydropsyche Larva Go2Fly - size 16, excellent fly.  Used by itself or as a bottom dropper.  This fly will produce in most Pennsylvania streams as it's one of the most prolific caddis flies.

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Oliver Edward's Rhycophilla Pupa     Click to enlarge

Barr's Bead Head Net Builder Larva - size 16, olive, excellent fly when a little flash or weight is required.  Used by itself or as a bottom dropper.

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     Click to enlarge

Oliver Edward's Rhycophilla Pupa Go2Fly - size 16.

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Olive Scud - size 16.  I usually fish this by itself.  Look to use these in limestone streams.

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Krystal Flash Olive Woolly Bugger Go2Fly - size 10.  When fishing for trout I prefer no bead heads, however this changes when I'm salmon or steelhead fishing.  I also prefer a reddish brown hackle.  Fish with an erratic retrieve.  Extremely effective.

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These are not the only flies I use, but over the years they've been proven winners.  Again, experience is based mainly on Pennsylvania streams and rivers, however the above patterns have produced in other parts of the US.

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OPTIONAL SURVEY:

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What do you fish for? (multiple selections are allowed):

..Trout

..Striped bass

..Salmon/Steelhead

..Albies/Bonitos

..Shad

..Flounder/Weakfish

..Smallmouth bass

..Redfish

..Largemouth bass

..Bonefish/Permit

..Pike/Muskie

..Tarpon

..Panfish

..Bluewater species

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..........RESULTS?  Complete the survey and see what others enjoy catching.

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Dougherty Flies:

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